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Wood Species

Today's wood floors come in more than 50 species, both domestic and exotic, spanning the spectrum of color options, hardness, and price ranges. No matter what the look you want to achieve, there are a variety of species to meet your needs. Read on for some general information about the more popular species.



Brazillian Cherry / Jotaba

Brazilian Cherry

Color: Sapwood is gray-white. Heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown when fresh, and becomes russet or reddish brown when seasoned; often marked with dark streaks.

Color Variation: Moderate to high.

Hardness: ( 2350) 82% harder than Northern red oak.

Durability: Dense and very strong.



White Oak

White Oak

Color: Heartwood is light brown; some boards have a pinkish tint or a slight grayish cast. Sapwood is white to cream.

Color Variation: Variation among boards in color and grain texture, not as pronounced as in red oak.

Hardness: ( 1360) 5% harder than Northern red oak.

Durability: More durable than red oak. Tannic acid in wood protects it from fungi and insects.



Santos Mahogany

Santos Mahogany

Color: Dark reddish brown.

Color Variation: Moderate color variation.

Hardness: ( 2200) 71% harder than Northern red oak.

Durability: Excellent.



Hard Maple

Hard Maple

Color: Heartwood is creamy white to light reddish brown; sapwood is pale to creamy white.

Color Variation: Occassionally shows quilted, fiddleback, curly or bird's-eye figuring.

Hardness: ( 1450) 21% harder than Northern red oak.

Durability: Dense, stong, tough, stiff; escellent shock resistance. Markedly resistant to abrasive wear.



Black Walnut

Black Walnut

Color: Heartwood ranges from a deep, rich dark brown to a puplish black. Sapwood is nearly white to tan.

Color Variation: Great variety of color and figure within species.

Hardness: ( 1010) 22% harder than Northern red oak.

Durability: Moderately dense, very strong, good shock resistance. Not as dent-resistant as oak.



Hickory Pecan

Hickory Pecan

Color: Pecan heartwood is reddish brown with dark brown stipes; sapwood is white to creamy white, with pinkish tones. Hickory heartwood is tan or reddish; sapwood is white to cream, with fine brown lines.

Color Variation: Often pronounced differentiations in color between spring wood and summer wood.

Hardness: ( 1820) 41% harder than Northern red oak. Pecan is slightly softer than true hickories.

Durability: Strength, hardness, toughness & stiffness found in no other commercial wood; exceedingly high shock resistance.